CARE’s approach to addressing CEFM incorporates attention to social norm change, reflecting the complexity of girls’ lives with multi-sectoral programming, building girls’ agency and solidarity, engaging men and boys for gender equality, bringing insight to advocacy, and tackling the issue in emergency response.
CARE’s Tipping Point initiative focuses on addressing the root causes of child, early and forced marriage (CEFM), promoting the rights of adolescent girls through community level programming and evidence generation in Nepal and Bangladesh, and multi-level advocacy and cross-learning efforts across the globe. For Phase 2 (2017-2020), the Tipping Point initiative has utilized learnings from Phase 1 to develop and test a holistic and replicable implementation package.
In just a few years, Tipping Point has made significant progress in mobilizing advocates for girls’ rights and in shifting social norms related to child marriage in Nepal. Although the successes of Tipping Point to date have not fully overcome the many barriers girls continue to face in realizing their potential and achieving agency in key life decisions. There are successes that hold promise for social norm change and girls’ empowerment.
This report presents the analyses and syntheses of the Outcome Mapping change stories that were collected in Bangladesh and Nepal during Phase 1 of the Tipping Point. Together, the stories offer a glimpse into the process of change observed at the community level. The progress markers suggests that the project has been effective at rapidly empowering girls in terms of finding their voices and standing up for themselves.
Tipping Point worked primarily with adolescents, but also the people around them. Bringing together adolescent girls was a key approach to the empowerment programming. Innovative activities that challenged gender stereotypical roles of men and women were designed and implemented under three themes: visibility of girls in public spaces, men in domestic spaces, and public events. Overall, the work with adolescent groups and different adult groups focused on individual level changes.
Tipping Point invested in a series of workshops and transformative experiences for staff to support their skills in personal reflection about gender. Tipping Point staff employed ongoing self-reflection around gender, power, sexuality, and values, practices, and action that model anti-oppression (based on gender, caste, and other group identities).
The Tipping Point Community Participatory Analysis Study was designed to deepen understanding of the contextual factors and root causes driving the prevalence of child marriage in particular regions of Nepal and Bangladesh. The three main areas of inquiry offer insights into the vulnerability to child marriage, the specific drivers of the practice, and the dreams and reactions of adolescents affected by child marriage.
From 2009 to 2016, CARE USA and the Aspen Planning and Evaluation Program (APEP) partnered to develop a set of tools for evaluating policy advocacy. The purpose of this report is to share what we learned from our experience piloting two tools focused on CARE’s Gender and Empowerment advocacy in particular: a Gender Scorecard for U.S. Administration Officials, and a Quality of Discourse tool.
Summary of findings of a study conducted to understand child-marriage related laws in South Asian countries and the Child Marriage Restraint Act 2017 of Bangladesh. It highlights recommendations from experts and activists to strengthen the legal framework in Bangladesh and the implementation mechanisms of the Child Marriage Restraint Act – which repealed the previous law and set the minimum age of marriage for women at 18 and at 21 for men.
Child marriages continue to be the norm. As elsewhere in the world, the drivers of child marriage include deeply entrenched cultural norms and religious beliefs. Transformation demands change in mindsets of all people in society along with laws that incentivizes positive practices and deters harmful practices. This study focused mainly on laws of South Asian countries.