Phase 2 Tools
The Tipping Point Phase 2 evaluation is using a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial to assess individual-, relational- and social norms change outcomes linked to CEFM. Baseline and endline data are collected in each arm through household enumeration, surveys with girls (and boys in Nepal) and adult community members, focus group discussion (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) with adolescent girls and boys, and adult women and men.
Phase 2 Quantitative Evaluation tools
- Bangladesh Girls’ Survey
- Nepal Girls’ Survey
- Nepal Boys’ Survey
- Bangladesh Community Survey
- Nepal Community Survey
Phase 2 Qualitative Evaluation tools
- Norm by Norm guide – for Adolescent Girls , Adolescent Boys and Parents in Bangladesh
- FGD tool – Social Norms Vignette for Adolescent Girls and Adolescent Boys in Nepal
- IDI tool – for Adolescent Girls and Adolescent Boys in Nepal
- KII tool – for key community members, government officials, and school personnel in Nepal
Phase 2 Monitoring Tools
The Rolling Profiles tool is a monitoring tool for collecting longitudinal data to assess change in participants over the course of the intervention. This monitoring tool is a semi-structured interview which is developed to assess the TP outcomes and indicators focusing on adolescents’ connectedness with their parents and parents’ understanding of the life, concerns and aspirations of their children. The unit of analysis for these interviews are a family where all the four family members (adolescent girl, boy, mother and father) are Tipping Point members. The interviews also monitors a change in expectations, based on perceived gender roles, to ascertain a change in gender-attitudes in a family. The Tipping Point Theory of Change focuses on the ‘Relations’ which act as key supporter of girls to stand up for their rights in the community and promote social norms’ change. The Rolling Profiles closely monitor change in these relationships, through qualitative data collection every 4 months in Bangladesh and 6 months in Nepal.
- Girls’ and Boys’ groups
- Parents’ groups
- Other participant groups
- Inter-group Dialogues
- Community Events
Phase 1 Tools
Tipping Point Phase 1 was unique in that it moved beyond standard discourse and approaches that aim to address child marriage and adopted a specific focus on gendered social norms as a key contributing factor to processes of change. A 2017 qualitative evaluation of Tipping Point in Bangladesh and Nepal incorporated multiple approaches to measuring the status of social norms using different methods. CARE’s Social Norms Analysis Plot (SNAP) framework tool informed the development of tools and the sequencing of different phases of data collection allowed for refining the tools as needed between phases. This brief provides an overview of the various tools used in the evaluation and how they contributed to assessing social norm change within Tipping point communities.